Denmark flag Denmark: Economic and Political Overview

The political framework of Denmark

Political Outline

Current Political Leaders
Monarch: Queen Margrethe II (since January 1972); Heir Apparent Crown Prince Frederik (elder son of the monarch, born on 26 May 1968)
Prime Minister: Mette Frederiksen (since 27 June 2019) – Social Democrats (Socialdemokratiet)
Next Election Dates
Parliamentary: June 2023
Current Political Context

In the last two years, the head of the Social Democrats Mette Frederiksen has been leading a single-party government (48 seats out of 179), which however has the support of the “red bloc”, consisting of the Social Liberals (16 seats), Socialist People's Party (14 seats), the Red-Green Alliance (13 seats), the Faroese Social Democratic Party and the Greenlandic Siumut. The opposition (“blue block”) is formed by “Venstre” (43 seats, conservative-liberal party), the right-wing Danish People’s Party (16 seats), the Conservative People’s Party (12 seats), the green party “Alternative” (5 seats) and the right-wing party “New Right” (4 seats).
The COVID-19 pandemic has been characterizing the political debate in 2021, with the so-called “Men in Black” movement and several alt-right groups protesting against the government’s handling of the crisis. Moreover, prime minister Mette Frederiksen was criticized over the culling of all Danish mink, infected by what was then suspected to be a highly contagious strain of the COVID-19 virus. As the government lacked legal authority to order the mass slaughter of 17 million minks, a commission is investigating whether Frederiksen had been warned that culling was illegal and ignored this recommendation. If so, the prime minister could face an impeachment trial over the breach of “Ministerial Accountability Act”.

Main Political Parties

The main political parties in Denmark are:

Executive Power
The Monarch is the head of the state and theoretically holds all executive powers, but in reality the executive powers are exercised by the Prime Minister on behalf of the monarch. In general, the leader of the majority party or coalition is appointed Prime Minister by the monarch. The cabinet, called Council of State, is appointed by the Monarch on Prime Minister's recommendation.
Legislative Power
The legislature is unicameral. The parliament called People's Assembly (or "Folketing") has the ultimate legislative authority; its 179 members are elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve four-year terms. On a vote of no confidence motion the parliament may force the entire government to resign.
 

Indicator of Freedom of the Press

Definition:

The world rankings, published annually, measures violations of press freedom worldwide. It reflects the degree of freedom enjoyed by journalists, the media and digital citizens of each country and the means used by states to respect and uphold this freedom. Finally, a note and a position are assigned to each country. To compile this index, Reporters Without Borders (RWB) prepared a questionnaire incorporating the main criteria (44 in total) to assess the situation of press freedom in a given country. This questionnaire was sent to partner organisations,150 RWB correspondents, journalists, researchers, jurists and human rights activists. It includes every kind of direct attacks against journalists and digital citizens (murders, imprisonment, assault, threats, etc.) or against the media (censorship, confiscation, searches and harassment etc.).

World Rank:
4/180

Source: World Press Freedom Index, Reporters Without Borders

 

Indicator of Political Freedom

Definition:

The Indicator of Political Freedom provides an annual evaluation of the state of freedom in a country as experienced by individuals. The survey measures freedom according to two broad categories: political rights and civil liberties. The ratings process is based on a checklist of 10 political rights questions (on Electoral Process, Political Pluralism and Participation, Functioning of Government) and 15 civil liberties questions (on Freedom of Expression, Belief, Associational and Organizational Rights, Rule of Law, Personal Autonomy and Individual Rights). Scores are awarded to each of these questions on a scale of 0 to 4, where a score of 0 represents the smallest degree and 4 the greatest degree of rights or liberties present. The total score awarded to the political rights and civil liberties checklist determines the political rights and civil liberties rating. Each rating of 1 through 7, with 1 representing the highest and 7 the lowest level of freedom, corresponds to a range of total scores.

Ranking:
Free
Political Freedom:
1/7

Political freedom in the world (interactive map)
Source: Freedom in the World Report, Freedom House

 

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Latest Update: June 2022