flag Iraq Iraq: Statistical Overview

Capital: Baghdad


Total Population: 44,496,122
Natural Increase: 2.2%
Density: 100 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 71.4%
Ethnic Origins: There is no official national data on ethnic groups in Iraq. However, the three largest ethnic groups in the country are Arabs, Kurds and Turkmen. There are many minorities in Iraq, such as the Yezidis, Shabaks, Yarsans or Assyrians.
Official Language: Arabic and Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions only)
Other Languages Spoken: Farsi, Assyrian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Chaldean
Business Language(s): English and Arabic
Religion: Muslims 97% (Shia 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christians & Others 3%.
Literacy Rate: 74.1%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Baghdad

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Iraqi Dinar (IQD)

Country Overview

Area: 435,050 km²
Type of State: Federal parliamentary representative republic.
Type of Economy: Lower-middle-income economy.
High level of violence; importance of petroleum and international aid in the economy.
HDI*: 0.654/1
HDI (World Rank): 121/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Iraq, dial 00
To call Iraq, dial +964
Internet Suffix: .iq
Telephone Lines: 5.6 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 7.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20192020202120222023
Imports of Goods (million USD) 72,28354,72250,70787,21695,519
Exports of Goods (million USD) 88,90350,61391,514138,291115,952
Imports of Services (million USD) 22,86513,81615,98622,2470
Exports of Services (million USD) 7,3183,8035,1779,0340

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


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Latest Update: April 2024