Maldives flag Maldives: Economic and Political Overview

The political framework of the Maldives

Political Outline

Current Political Leaders
President: Mohamed MUIZZU (since 17 November 2023)
Vice-President: Hussain Mohamed LATHEEF (since 30 September 2023)
Next Election Dates
Presidential: 2028
Legislative: 2029
Main Political Parties
The Maldives is a multi-party democracy. The main parties include:

- People's National Congress (PNC): right-wing, conservatism, it split from the Progressive Party
- Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP): centre-right, liberal conservatism; it is the first political party formed in the Republic of Maldives and historically holds the majority of the seats
- The Democrats: centre-right, formed by a faction within the Maldivian Democratic Party
- Progressive Party of Maldives (PPM): centre to centre-right, it is the main opposition party
- Jumhooree Party (JP): centre-right
- Maldives Development Alliance (MDA): left-wing.
Executive Power
Executive power is exercised by the government: the President heads the executive branch and appoints the Cabinet; whose members need to be approved by the Parliament. The President is directly elected by absolute majority to serve a 5-year term (renewable once).
Legislative Power
The legislative power is vested in the Parliament, whose sole chamber is called "People's Majlis" and counts with 87 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 5-year terms. The Majlis has the power to enact, amend and revise laws.

Indicator of Freedom of the Press


The world rankings, published annually, measures violations of press freedom worldwide. It reflects the degree of freedom enjoyed by journalists, the media and digital citizens of each country and the means used by states to respect and uphold this freedom. Finally, a note and a position are assigned to each country. To compile this index, Reporters Without Borders (RWB) prepared a questionnaire incorporating the main criteria (44 in total) to assess the situation of press freedom in a given country. This questionnaire was sent to partner organisations,150 RWB correspondents, journalists, researchers, jurists and human rights activists. It includes every kind of direct attacks against journalists and digital citizens (murders, imprisonment, assault, threats, etc.) or against the media (censorship, confiscation, searches and harassment etc.).

World Rank:

Indicator of Political Freedom


The Indicator of Political Freedom provides an annual evaluation of the state of freedom in a country as experienced by individuals. The survey measures freedom according to two broad categories: political rights and civil liberties. The ratings process is based on a checklist of 10 political rights questions (on Electoral Process, Political Pluralism and Participation, Functioning of Government) and 15 civil liberties questions (on Freedom of Expression, Belief, Associational and Organizational Rights, Rule of Law, Personal Autonomy and Individual Rights). Scores are awarded to each of these questions on a scale of 0 to 4, where a score of 0 represents the smallest degree and 4 the greatest degree of rights or liberties present. The total score awarded to the political rights and civil liberties checklist determines the political rights and civil liberties rating. Each rating of 1 through 7, with 1 representing the highest and 7 the lowest level of freedom, corresponds to a range of total scores.

Partly Free
Political Freedom:
Civil Liberties:
40 out of 60 (partly free) - Civil liberties (21 out of 60)

Political freedom in the world (interactive map)
Source: Freedom in the World Report, Freedom House


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Latest Update: May 2024