Mauritania flag Mauritania: Economic and Political Overview

The political framework of Mauritania

Political Outline

Current Political Leaders
President: Mohamed Ould Ghazouani (since 1 August 2019).
Prime Minister: Mohamed Ould Bilal (since 6 August 2020).
Next Election Dates
Presidential: 22 June 2024
Legislative: 2023
Main Political Parties
- Union for the Republic: the main political party, led by former President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz.
- Tewassoul - the National Rally for Reform and Development: Islamist opposition, associated with the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood
- El-Wiam: close to former President Maaouiya Ould Taya (ousted in a 2005 coup)
- The People's Progressive Alliance (APP): led by outgoing National Assembly Speaker Messaoud Ould Boulkheir
- Alliance for Justice and Democracy Movement for Renewal ( AJD-MR): black minority interests
- Rally of Democratic Forces: centre-left, social-liberalism
- Republican Party For Democracy and Renewal: right-wing, liberal conservatism
- Union of Progress Forces: centre-left, social democracy
Executive Power
The chief of state is the president elected by a popular vote for a five-year term. The President's executive powers include the command of the armed forces, the right to appoint high-level executives as well as the promulgation and execution of the law. The democratic system has been restored since 2009 following a military coup.
Legislative Power
The legislature in Mauritania is bicameral. The parliament consists of: the Senate (upper house) having 56 seats; with its members elected by municipal leaders to serve six-year terms and the National Assembly (lower house) having 81 seats; with its members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms. The National Assembly exercises little independence from the executive. It can be dissolved by the President at his will. The people of Mauritania enjoy very limited political rights.
 

Indicator of Freedom of the Press

Definition:

The world rankings, published annually, measures violations of press freedom worldwide. It reflects the degree of freedom enjoyed by journalists, the media and digital citizens of each country and the means used by states to respect and uphold this freedom. Finally, a note and a position are assigned to each country. To compile this index, Reporters Without Borders (RWB) prepared a questionnaire incorporating the main criteria (44 in total) to assess the situation of press freedom in a given country. This questionnaire was sent to partner organisations,150 RWB correspondents, journalists, researchers, jurists and human rights activists. It includes every kind of direct attacks against journalists and digital citizens (murders, imprisonment, assault, threats, etc.) or against the media (censorship, confiscation, searches and harassment etc.).

World Rank:
94/180
 

Indicator of Political Freedom

Definition:

The Indicator of Political Freedom provides an annual evaluation of the state of freedom in a country as experienced by individuals. The survey measures freedom according to two broad categories: political rights and civil liberties. The ratings process is based on a checklist of 10 political rights questions (on Electoral Process, Political Pluralism and Participation, Functioning of Government) and 15 civil liberties questions (on Freedom of Expression, Belief, Associational and Organizational Rights, Rule of Law, Personal Autonomy and Individual Rights). Scores are awarded to each of these questions on a scale of 0 to 4, where a score of 0 represents the smallest degree and 4 the greatest degree of rights or liberties present. The total score awarded to the political rights and civil liberties checklist determines the political rights and civil liberties rating. Each rating of 1 through 7, with 1 representing the highest and 7 the lowest level of freedom, corresponds to a range of total scores.

Ranking:
Not Free
Political Freedom:
5/7

Political freedom in the world (interactive map)
Source: Freedom in the World Report, Freedom House

 

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Latest Update: November 2022