flag Nicaragua Nicaragua: Statistical Overview

Capital: Managua


Total Population: 6,850,540
Natural Increase: 1.4%
Density: 56 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 59.3%
Ethnic Origins: The majority of the population of Nacaragua is composed of mestizos (mixed Amerindian and American/European), but there are also Americans, Europeans, people of African descent and Amerindians.
Official Language: Spanish
Other Languages Spoken: Miskito, English Creole, Sumo, Garifuna
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Roman Catholic 72.9%, Evangelical 15.1%, Moravian 1.5%, Episcopal 0.1%, Others 1.9%, None 8.5%.
Literacy Rate: 76.7%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Managua

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Nicaraguan Cordoba Oro (NIO)

Country Overview

Area: 130,370 km²
Type of State: Democratic Republic.
Type of Economy: Lower-middle-income economy.
A country heavily in debt; the economy is based on agriculture.
HDI*: 0.631/1
HDI (World Rank): 125/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Nicaragua, dial 00
To call Nicaragua, dial +505
Internet Suffix: .ni
Telephone Lines: 5.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 13.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 77.9% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20172018201920202021
Imports of Goods (million USD) 7,2427,3516,9866,5459,826
Exports of Goods (million USD) 5,1705,0145,2735,0876,495
Imports of Services (million USD) 983913808591855
Exports of Services (million USD) 1,4651,2591,2678821,043

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


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Latest Update: September 2023