Serbia flag Serbia: Economic and Political Overview

The political framework of Serbia

Political Outline

Current Political Leaders
President: Aleksandar VUCIC (since 31 May 2017)
Prime Minister: Ana BRNABIC (since 29 June 2017)
Next Election Dates
Presidential: 2028
National Assembly: 2027
Main Political Parties
Serbia has a multi-party system. The main parties include:

- Serbian Progressive Party (SNS): centre-right, right-wing populist, leading party
- Serbia Against Violence (SPN): pro-European coalition which is opposed to the Serbian Progressive Party
- National Democratic Alternative (NADA): national-conservative political coalition, led by the New Democratic Party of Serbia (NDSS) and Movement for the Restoration of the Kingdom of Serbia (POKS)
- We–The Voice from the People (MI–GIN): right-wing populism
- Justice and Reconciliation Party (SPP): Bosniak minority interests, Islamism
- Party of Democratic Action of Sandžak (SDAS): representing the Bosniak ethnic minority
- Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS): left-wing, nationalist, populist
- United Serbia (JS): conservatist, populism
- Social Democratic Party of Serbia (SDPS): social democracy, populism
- Party of United Pensioners of Serbia (PUPS): centre left, pensioners' interests
- Party for Democratic Action (PVD-PDD): representing the Albanian ethnic minority
- People's Party (Narodna): centre-right
- Democratic Party (DS): centre, social liberalism, pro-Europe
- Serbian Party Oathkeepers (SSZ): far-right
- Together (Z): left-wing
- Dveri: nationalism, right-wing populism
- Do not let Belgrade drown (NDB): green
- Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians (VMSZ): represents the Hungarian minority in Serbia.

Executive Power
Executive power is held by the Prime Minister and the cabinet (Council of Ministers). The Prime Minister and the members of the government are elected by the National Assembly. The President of the Republic has little executive power and is primarily a ceremonial position. The President is elected for a 5-year term by direct universal suffrage and can be elected twice. He has exceptional powers in case of a state of emergency and can dissolve the National Assembly.
Legislative Power
Legislative power is held by the unicameral parliament, known as the National Assembly, which consists of 250 deputies elected for a 4-year term by direct universal suffrage. Its decisions are taken by a majority vote of members at the session at which a majority of deputies are present. In the case of amendments to the Constitution, a two-thirds majority is needed.

Indicator of Freedom of the Press


The world rankings, published annually, measures violations of press freedom worldwide. It reflects the degree of freedom enjoyed by journalists, the media and digital citizens of each country and the means used by states to respect and uphold this freedom. Finally, a note and a position are assigned to each country. To compile this index, Reporters Without Borders (RWB) prepared a questionnaire incorporating the main criteria (44 in total) to assess the situation of press freedom in a given country. This questionnaire was sent to partner organisations,150 RWB correspondents, journalists, researchers, jurists and human rights activists. It includes every kind of direct attacks against journalists and digital citizens (murders, imprisonment, assault, threats, etc.) or against the media (censorship, confiscation, searches and harassment etc.).

World Rank:

Indicator of Political Freedom


The Indicator of Political Freedom provides an annual evaluation of the state of freedom in a country as experienced by individuals. The survey measures freedom according to two broad categories: political rights and civil liberties. The ratings process is based on a checklist of 10 political rights questions (on Electoral Process, Political Pluralism and Participation, Functioning of Government) and 15 civil liberties questions (on Freedom of Expression, Belief, Associational and Organizational Rights, Rule of Law, Personal Autonomy and Individual Rights). Scores are awarded to each of these questions on a scale of 0 to 4, where a score of 0 represents the smallest degree and 4 the greatest degree of rights or liberties present. The total score awarded to the political rights and civil liberties checklist determines the political rights and civil liberties rating. Each rating of 1 through 7, with 1 representing the highest and 7 the lowest level of freedom, corresponds to a range of total scores.

Partly Free
Political Freedom:
Civil Liberties:

Political freedom in the world (interactive map)
Source: Freedom in the World Report, Freedom House


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Latest Update: May 2024