flag Eritréia Eritréia: Perfil de comércio

Foreign Trade in Figures

Eritrea is relatively close to foreign trade, as it represented 47% of the country’s GDP in 2011 (World Bank, latest available data). The country has not signed the African Continental Free Trade Agreement. Non-tariff barriers significantly impede trade. The State maintains strict control on foreign exchange reserves, given the inability of raising foreign currency through exports or on international capital markets. Although this has reduced the gap between the official and informal exchange rates, it also has a severely negative impact on freedom of trade and the vibrancy of the country’s economic development. Eritrea imports 90% of its cereal consumption, whereas agricultural exports (mainly livestock, coffee, cotton and leather) depend on climatic conditions and the underdeveloped irrigation systems. Top exports from Eritrea include zinc ore, gold, copper ore, wheat, and non-knit women's suits, whereas imports are led by sea vessels, sorghum, wheat flours, other edible preparations, and refined petroleum (data OEC 2022).

Eritrea’s main export partners are China (52.3%), United Arab Emirates (33.3%), South Korea (9.4%), Japan (2%), and Madagascar (1.9%); while imports are led by China (33.6%), United Arab Emirates (25.9%), Turkey (12.2%), United States (7.1%), and India (4% - data OEC).

Eritrea is facing a widening trade deficit, as the country is dependent on imports for food, capital goods (which are increasing with construction projects), and oil. In 2022, Eritrea’s exports of goods amounted to USD 578 million, whereas imports of goods reached USD 726 billion (+20% and +23.4% year on year, respectively - data WTO).

 
Foreign Trade Indicators 20182019202020212022
Imports of Goods (million USD) 1,065565483588726
Exports of Goods (million USD) 669530447482578

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation ; World Bank - Latest available data.

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To go further, check out our service Import controls and Export Controls

To go further, check out our service Import-Export Flows

 

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List of tariffs and local taxes that apply to your product on our service Customs Duties

 

Trade Compliance

International Economic Cooperation
Member of Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)
Useful Resources
National Organisation of Intellectual Property
You can contact the Domestic Trade and Intellectual Property Department by Email.
 
 
 

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Latest Update: May 2024