flag Latvia Latvia: Introdução

Capital: Riga


Total Population: 1,883,379
Natural Increase: -0.1%
Density: 30 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 68.5%
Population of main cities: Riga (627,500); Daugavpils (82,100); Liepaja (68,600); Jelgava (56,100); Jurmala (49,700); Ventspils (34,000); Rezekne (27,700); Ogre (23,300); Valmiera (23,100); Jekabpils (22,000)
Ethnic Origins: The population of Latvia is made up of 62% Latvians, about 26% Russians, a little over 3% Belarusians, 2% Ukrainians, Poles also account for 2%, Lithuanians are about 1%, and other ethnic groups make up around 4%. (Central Statistical Bureau)
Official Language: Latvian
Other Languages Spoken: This country, with 2.5 million inhabitants is home to several linguistic communities. 33.5% of the citizens speak Russian and 4.1% speak Belarusian. Ukrainian is spoken by 3% of the population, Polish by 2.2%, Lithuanian by 1.7%.
Business Language(s): Russian and English
Religion: Lutherans 55%; Catholics 24%; Protestants 29.8%; Orthodox Christians 20%; Jews 3.9%; Anglicans 0.8%; Others 0.8%. About 57.5% of the population is practicing.
Literacy Rate: 99.7%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Riga

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Euro (EUR)

Country Overview

Area: 64,590 km²
Type of State: Democratic parliamentary republic.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy, Ex-Transition country, member of the EU, member of NATO..
An economy built around transport activities for goods and petroleum products; Strategic geographical position which allows the country to trade with CIS countries and Europe.
HDI*: 0.819/1
HDI (World Rank): 46/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Latvia, dial 00
To call Latvia, dial +371
Internet Suffix: .lv
Computers: 32.7 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 22.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 74.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20192020202120222023
Imports of Goods (million USD) 18,95918,44124,44629,50127,114
Exports of Goods (million USD) 15,70516,33720,83324,10022,446
Imports of Services (million USD) 3,5293,3234,2725,1445,766
Exports of Services (million USD) 6,2575,5366,2867,5878,127

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


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Latest Update: May 2024